Would this be better divided into: Dry, cracked heels, athletes foot, toenail fungus?
Excessively dry skin can be caused from pathologic disorders that cause excess sweating of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. This excessive loss of moisture can lead to dryness.
In other cases a mild fungal infection known as tinea pedis or athlete’s foot (hyperlink to athletes foot) can lead to itching dryness that scales across the bottom and sides of the foot. This can sometimes be confused for dry skin.
This same type of fungus is similar to the types of fungus that cause fungal toenail infections. These small dermatophytes (fungal organisms) love the warm, moist environment that our feet live in. They also thrive on the dead keratin found in our toenail
Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a another broad range of skin disorders that can lead to red, itchy, dry skin
Podiatrists have a unique skill at identifying skin abnormalities in the feet and lower extremities. They can help identify and diagnose any questionable skin lesions. One manner to differentiate malignant from benign skin lesions is by way of a skin biopsy. A skin biopsy can be as simple as a small punch of the skin encompassing the lesion. This is usually done in office with local anesthetic to numb the area. Either one small stitch or a simple dressing is all that is needed after the biopsy.
By quickly identifying the type of lesion in question, medical or surgical intervention can give the best outcomes for dealing with these skin cancers.